Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)

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Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) is a condition in which an infant experiences withdrawal from opioid substances they were exposed to in the womb. According to the Tennessee Department of Health, 1,090 babies in Tennessee were born with NAS in 2017; a 10% increase since 2016.

NAS can be associated with:

  • Prescription medications obtained with prescription
    • Includes women on pain therapy or replacement therapy
  • Prescription medications obtained without prescription
    • Diverted medications
  • Illicit drugs

Opioid withdrawal symptoms primarily related to:

  • Central Nervous System—seizures, tremors, hyperactivity
  • GI System—poor feeding, poor weight gain, vomiting, diarrhea, uncoordinated sucking

Opioid withdrawal symptoms:

  • May appear as early as within the first 24 hours
  • May take as many as 4-5 days to appear
  • Occur in approximately 55-94% of exposed infants

 

Source:

Tennessee’s Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Epidemic and Prevention Efforts
Michael D. Warren, MD MPH FAAP
Deputy Commissioner for Population Health
TN Department of Health

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NAS Information

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